Wari uzi ko ingano y’amacandwe isobanuye(...)

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Wari uzi ko ingano y’amacandwe isobanuye byinshi mu buzima?


Yanditswe na: Ubwanditsi     2020-11-03 03:01:50


Wari uzi ko ingano y’amacandwe isobanuye byinshi mu buzima?

Mu buzima amacandwe ni amwe mu matembabuzi y’ingenzi mu mubiri kandi ingano yayo ifite icyo isobanura. Iyo ari macye cyangwa cyangwa menshi bigira ingaruka nziza cyangwa mbi bitewe n’ingano yayo.

Kuva umwana avuka, uko ata inkonda, kugeza ku mugore utwite wirirwa aciragura cyangwa umurwayi wa malariya wabihiwe mu kanwa. Iyo ari macye cyangwa yabaye menshi, byose bifite icyo bisobanuye.

Nyamara nanone kwanama ku zuba, kugenda cyane ukananirwa, bisozwa no kumagara mu kanwa, aho uba ucira ayumye, nkuko babivuga.

Ingano y’amacandwe isobanuye iki?

Mbere yo kureba urugero rw’amacandwe, reka turebera hamwe imwe mu mimaro yayo mu kanwa.

Ese amacandwe amaze iki ?

Atuma mu kanwa hahora ububobere
Agufasha guhekenya, kumva icyanga no kumira
Arwanya mikorobi no kunuka mu kanwa

* Arimo poroteyine n’imyunyungugu birinda agahu k’amenyo, bikarinda ishinya
kwangirika bikanarinda kurwara amenyo
* Atuma amenyo akomera ntapfe kujegajega

Uretse kuba asanzwe mu kanwa, ariko mu gihe uri guhekenya, ugize amerwe se, cyangwa uri kunyunguta nka bombo, nicyo gihe nyamukuru yiyongera. Iyo yiyongereye bidafite imwe muri izi mpamvu, haba hari ikibazo cyihariye kiri kubitera.

Ubusanzwe ku munsi hakorwa angana na litiro hagati 1-2. Gusa amenshi burya akorwa mu masaha y’ikigoroba naho nijoro niho hakorwa macye. Gusa abantu baratandukanye niyo mpamvu tutanagira ingano imwe yayo.

1.Amacandwe macye umubiri wabuze amacandwe ahagije

Mu gihe umubiri wawe ukora atagera kuri litiro 1 ku munsi, bivugwa ko ufite amacandwe macye. Ibi bishobora guterwa n’impamvu nyinshi harimo imiti imwe n’imwe ndetse n’indwara zimwe. Iyo ibi bibaye usanga mu kanwa humye bikaba byatera ibindi bibazo nko kubyimba ishinya, gutumba ururimi no kunuka mu kanwa.

Bishobora kandi gutera indwara z’amenyo ndetse bikanatera kutongera kumva icyanga.

Ibi bikunze kuba ahanini ku bageze mu zabukuru gusa impamvu nyamukuru ntirasobanuka.

Zimwe mu mpamvu zishobora gutera urugero rwayo ruri hasi:

• Indwara nka VIH/SIDA, diyabete n’indwara yo gususumira ifata abashaje
• Kwangirika cyangwa kwifunga kw’imvubura z’amacandwe
• Imwe mu miti ya kanseri cyangwa kunyuzwa mu cyuma
• Kubura amazi mu mubiri, umwuma
• Ubwoba bukabije bujyana na stress
• Kunywa itabi
• Imwe mu miti nk’iyongera appetite, iyivura umuvuduko udasanzwe w’amaraso, irwanya ubwivumbure,ivura kwiheba no kwigunga, imiti isohora amazi mu mubiri, imwe mu miti irwanya uburibwe.

Nakora iki mu gihe ngira amacandwe macye?

Mu gihe ugira amacandwe macye, banza usuzume niba bitari guterwa n’imwe mu mpamvu tuvuze haruguru. Hanyuma nusanga irimo, nuyikosora aziyongera. Ariko hari ibyo ugomba kwitaho:

• Kunywa amazi menshi
• Guhekenya shikareti zitarimo isukari. Urugero ni orbit
• Kunyunguta bombo zitarimo isukari

Ibi nubigerageza ntibigire icyo bitanga, uzagana kwa muganga babe baguha indi miti yabigenewe.

2.Kugira amacandwe menshi

Ubusanzwe kugira menshi ntibyagateye ikibazo keretse mu gihe bimaze igihe. Akenshi bitewe n’ibyo urya cyangwa unywa ashobora kuba menshi, gusa n’ubusanzwe urongera ukayamira.

Gusa akenshi usanga yiyongera, iyo imwe cyangwa nyinshi mu mvubura z’amacandwe zikora cyane cyangwa se ukaba ufite ikibazo cyo kumira nko mu gihe urwaye mu mihogo.

Iyo atari izi mpamvu biba bishobora guterwa nuko hari imiti uri gufata cyangwa se hari izindi mpamvu zidasanzwe.

• Zimwe mu mpamvu zitera kugira amacandwe menshi:
• Kugira ururimi runini
• Gusyigingira mu mikurire y’ubwonko
• Ibisazi by’imbwa (yakurumye)
• Indwara ya stroke (guturika k’umutsi ujyana amaraso mu bwonko)
• Ikirungurira
• Uburozi bunyuranye
• Kuba utwite
• Imiti nka clonazepam, clozapine, pilocarpine

Ni iki cyakorwa?

Mu gihe wagize amacandwe menshi ukaba wabitewe n’imwe mu mpamvu zishobora gukosorwa, iyo impamvu ibitera ikosowe nabyo birakira. Naho mu bindi byakorwa harimo:
• Imiti yandikwa na muganga
• Inshinge za botox
• Kubagwa

Gusa ahanini muganga azakwandikira imiti yo kuyagabanya, imwe muri yo ni scopolamine na glycopyrrolate. Gusa akenshi ishobora no kugutera kunyaragura, gutera cyane k’umutima, kureba ibicyezicyezi no guhondobera.

Iyo bikabije cyane niho uterwa botox iterwa mu mvubura ariko uyu muti umara amezi macye, ugasubira kwiteza undi gutyo gutyo. Iyo rero ari imvubura ikora bidasanzwe irabagwa igakurwamo.

Source: www.rwandamagazine.com

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