Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Sojourner(...)

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Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Sojourner Truth


Yanditswe na: Ubwanditsi     2020-11-23 05:53:09


Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Sojourner Truth

Umugore wamenyekanye nka Sojourner Truth, yavutse yitwa Isabella Baumfree i New York mu 1797. Yavukiye mu bucakara, se yitwaga James Elisabeth naho nyina yitwaga Elisabeth Baumfree. Isabella yagombaga kuba umucakara imyaka mirongo itatu. Yarababajwe bikabije: basaza be na bakuru be bari baragurishijwe akiri muto, yakuze ataragize amahirwe yo kwiga ndetse atazi gusoma no kwandika, ariko yabaye umuvugabutumwa ukomeye ndetse Imana imukoresha iby’ubutwari.

Ku myaka icyenda, Isabella yagurishijwe muri cyamunara hamwe n’umukumbi w’intama ku madorari 100. Bitewe n’uko yavugaga Ikidage, yananiwe kumvikana n’abari bamaze kumugura kuko bo bavugaga Icyongereza. Kubw’iyo mpamvu yarakubiswe bikomeye ku buryo byamusigiye inkovu ubuzima bwe bwose. Isabella yagombaga kugurwa no kugurishwa inshuro enye na ba nyir’ubwite bakurikiranye, bamwe muribo baramukubitaga ndetse bakamukorera ihohotera rishingiye ku gitsina.

Isabella yashakanye n’undi mucakara witwaga Thomas babyarana abana 3:Peter, Elizabeth na Sophia naho abandi babiri yababyaye mbere barimo imfura ye James wapfuye akiri muto na Diana yabyaye biturutse ku gufatwa ku ngufu na John Dumont.

N’ubwo Leta ya New York yatangiye gukuraho ubucakara mu 1799, ni igikorwa cyafashe indi myaka 30 kugira ngo kirangire. Mu 1826 Isabella wari ufite zimwe mu nyigisho za gikristo, yumvise agomba gusengera gucika uwamuguze bityo akabohoka.

Yafashe umukobwa we w’uruhinja ariko kubera ko abandi bana be bari bakiboshywe n’amategeko nk’abacakara, yahatiwe kubasiga inyuma. Akimara kurokoka, Isabella yamenye ko umuhungu we w’imyaka itanu yagurishijwe mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko maze ajyana ikirego mu rukiko birangira agaruye umuhungu we, Isabella yabaye umugore w’umwirabura wa mbere watsinze urubanza rw’umuzungu.

Mu 1828, Isabella yimukiye i New York aho yakoraga akazi ko mu rugo, maze yinjira mu matorero atandukanye, atangira kwamamara nk’umubwirizabutumwa.

Ukwizera kwa Isabella kwarushijeho kwiyongera kandi amenya ko Yesu yamukuye mu bucakara bwari bumurembeje, amenya ko yavutse ubwa kabiri. Nk’ikimenyetso cy’izo mpinduka yahinduye izina yitwa Sojourner Truth hari Ku cyumweru cya Pentekote mu 1843. Izina rye ryatoranijwe kubera ko yumvaga ko Umwuka Wera yamuhamagariraga kuba umubwirizabutumwa uzajya agenda mu bice bitandukanye avuga ukuri kw’Imana. Hamwe n’ icyizere gishya no kwiyemeza, yazengurutse Amerika yose abwiriza ubutumwa bwiza avuga kandi ko ubucakara bugomba kuvaho. Ntibyari byoroshye kuko mugihe ubucakara bwari bwaravanyweho muri utwo turere, ivangura ryarakomeje kandi yaranengwaga ndetse agahigwa.

Sojourner Truth yahise amenyekana nk’umugore udasanzwe, Yavuganaga ubwitonzi n’ishyaka. Yari yarahawe impano yo kuvuga neza, akoresha imvugo ishushanya, yari afite ubwenge kandi ikibwiriza cye cyaherekezwaga n’indirimbo. Yari umuvugabutumwa uhambaye ariko yarushijeho kuvuga ku ivugurura ry’imibereho, yaba ubucakara, uburenganzira bw’umugore cyangwa imibereho yo muri gereza. Ikindi kandi ibyo yavugagaga byose byabaga bishingiye ku rukundo akunda Yesu na Bibiliya.

Mu 1850, Sojourner Truth imbwirwaruhame ivuga ku buzima bwe n’imibabaro yanyuzemo nk’umucakara wo mu majyaruguru, yaragurishijwe cyane ndetse bitera inkunga ibikorwa byo kurwanya ubucakara. Umwaka wakurikiyeho, Sojourner Truth yitabiriye ihuriro ry’abagore aho yavugiye ijambo risaba ubutabera bungana kubagore b’abirabura.

N’ubwo byagize icyo bihindura muri icyo gihe, byemejwe neza nyuma yintambara y’abenegihugu (civil war) biturutse ku mvugo ya Sojourner yamumenyekanishije nk’umucakara wumwirabura udasanzwe wo mu Majyepfo ya Leta zunze Ubumwe za Amerika. Muri iyi mbwirwaruhame yamenyekanye cyane, Sojourner asubiramo interuro ye inshuro enye n’ijwi riranguruye ku buryo bwamamaye mu mateka ati: ‘Ain’t I a woman?’ Bishatse gushimangira icyifuzo cyo guharanira uburenganzira bungana ku bagore b’abirabura b’abanyamerika.

Igihe Intambara y’Abenegihugu yatangiraga mu 1861, Sojourner Truth yatanze ubufasha mu kwinjiza ingabo z’abirabura mu gisirikare. Yakomeje kubwiriza no kuvuga mu gihugu imbere kandi nk’umuntu uzwi cyane, yaje guhura na Perezida Lincoln.

Dore amwe mu magambo Sojourner Truth yavuze

• Ukuri kurakomeye kandi kuraganza.

• Niba abagore bashaka uburenganzira burenze ubwo babonye, kuki batabufata, kandi ngo babuvuge ho?.

• Ntabwo ngiye gupfa, ngiye mu rugo nkinyenyeri irasa.

Sojourner Truth yakomeje umurimo we wo kuvuga nyuma y’intambara, n’ubwo hahoraga ho akarengane Sojourner yarabirwanyaga. Uyu mugore w’indashyikirwa yakomeje umurimo we wo kubwiriza no kwamagamagana akarengane kugeza afite imyaka mirongo irindwi. Yapfuye mu 1883 kandi amagambo ye ya nyuma yari aya: "Be a follower of the Lorld Jesus!" Ba umuyoboke w’Umukiza Yesu!.

Aho kwibagirana nyuma y’urupfu rwe, Sojourner Truth yabaye intangarugero ku bisekuruza byakurikiyeho. Mu mwaka wa 2009 Yabaye umwirabura w’umunyamerika wa mbere ufite ishusho (status) muri Leta zunze Ubumwe.

Dore bimwe mu bintu by’ingenzi dukwiye kwigira kuri Sojourner Truth

Icya mbere: imbabazi n’ubuntu. N’ubwo yarenganijwe bidasanzwe, Sojourner Truth yarabababariye, kandi mugihe yakomeje kurwanya akarengane, yajugunye ubusharire. Mu ijambo rye yemeye ko n’ubwo yigeze kwanga abazungu, kuva yahura na shebuja we wa nyuma "Yesu", yuzuye urukundo kuri buri wese.

Icya kabiri, Natangajwe n’uburyo Kristo yamuhinduye. Wibuke, uyu yari umugore utazi gusoma no kwandika wajanjaguwe n’ubucakara imyaka mirongo itatu ya mbere y’ubuzima bwe. Nyamara nyuma yo guhinduka kwe, yabaye umuntu wuzuye icyizere no kumva ko afite ubutumwa. Yabwirije ashize amanga imbere y’abantu ibihumbi. Ni gihamya ko Yesu Kristo ahindura ubuzima.

Muri macye, Sojourner Truth yari umugore udasanzwe kandi ufite ubutumwa budasanzwe. Aratwibutsa ko n’iyo ubuzima bwagira intangiriro idahwitse, byanze bikunze bushobora guhinduak bwiza kandi umuntu akagera kuri byinshi byiza. Mubyukuri iki ni ikintu kidutera imbaraga twese.

Source:www.canonjjohn.com

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