Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera George(...)

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Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera George Washington Carver


Yanditswe na: Ubwanditsi     2021-03-02 05:32:03


Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera George Washington Carver

Kugira ngo usobanukirwe neza George Washington Carver, umwirabura w’umunyamerika akaba umuntu ukomeye mu by’ubuhinzi, ugomba kumenya byinshi ku isi yabayemo. Yabayeho ari umuhanga mu bijyanye n’ibimera ariko akaba umukristo ndetse akubaha Imana nk’umugenga w’ubwenge bwe.

Carver yavukiye ahitwa Missouri kuwa 1 Mutarama 1864, yiswe ’George’ gusa n’umuryango wa Carver, wakoreshaga ababyeyi be. Se wa George yapfuye mbere yuko George avuka, hashize icyumweru, umuhungu na nyina barashimuswe. Carvers bashoboye kurokora George, ariko nta bisobanuro bya nyina byigeze biboneka. Mu mateka ya George amaze kuba mukuru, yavuze ko ko yatangiye ubuzima nk’umwana wimfubyi wo mu bwoko busuzuguritse.

Hanyuma yarezwe na Carvers nk’umwe mu bana babo, George yagize uburwayi bwinshi, kandi aho gukora imirimo y’amaboko, yashyize imbere ibidukikije n’ubusitani. Kubera ko nta shuri rya leta ryari rigenewe abana b’abirabura, Carver yahisemo kujya akoresha ibirometero icumi ajya kwiga. Ahongaho, umugore w’umugwaneza yamuhaye icumbi kandi amuha izina rya George Carver Washington.

Nk’umwirabura w’umunyamerika, Carver yasanze bigoye kugira ikintu abona nta burezi bw’ibanze (basic education). Yagiye i Kansas, ariko yangirwa kwinjira muri kaminuza kubera ubwoko bwe kuko yari umwirabura. Yimukiye Iowa aho yize ubuhinzi, maze mwalimu we, abonye uburyo yashushanyije neza ibimera, amushishikariza kwiga ibijyanye n’ibimera (botany). Mu 1891, Carver yabaye umwirabura wa mbere wize muri kaminuza ya Leta ya Iowa akabona impamyabumenyi. Yakomeje kwiga ibihingwa n’indwara zabyo, yubahwa nk’inzobere mu bimera kandi amaherezo aba umwalimu wa mbere w’umwirabura.

Ubushobozi n’ubuhanga bya Carver bwaje kumenyeshwa Booker T. Washington icyamamare, akaba n’umuyobozi w’ikigo cya Tuskegee, Alabama, kaminuza ya mbere y’abirabura. Carver yatumiwe kwigisha ubuhinzi, yiyumvisemo umuhamagaro wo gukorera umuryango we, arabyemera. Yagumye i Tuskegee imyaka 47 kugeza apfuye. Ntiyigeze ashaka umugore.

George Carver yamenye ko imyigishirize ye n’ubushakashatsi bigomba kuba bikwiye abakene, cyane cyane abirabura b’abahinzi bamukikije. Ikibazo gikomeye ni uko ubuhinzi bwari bushingiye ku ipamba, igihingwa gikenesha ubutaka cyane. Carver, yakoze ubushakashatsi yifashishije ibikoresho byibanze, yatangiye gushishikariza no kwigisha uburyo bwiza bwo guhinga. Yakoresheje gusimbuza ipamba, nk’ibijumba, ibishyimbo na soya, mu rwego rwo kugarura ubutaka ndetse no kuzamura imibereho y’abahinzi bakennye. Yigishije ubuhanga bukwiye: Kugaburira ingurube acorn aho kuzigaburira ibicuruzwa bihenze no gutunganya ubutaka hamwe n’ibyondo byo mu gishanga bikaba ifumbire. Yateje imbere laboratoire n’icyumba cy’ishuri mu gusesengura ubutaka no kwigisha imikoreshereze myiza yabwo.

Mu rwego rwo kunoza isoko ry’ibihingwa, Carver abigiranye ubuhanga yakoze ibicuruzwa bishya nk’amata, amavuta yo guteka, salade, impapuro, amavuta yo kwisiga, amasabune n’ibindi bicuruzwa. Kunganira ibishyimbo byamuteye kumenyekana mu gihugu. Mu myaka ya za 1920 Carver - ’The Peanut Man’ - yari icyamamare mu gihugu kandi yaje kugirwa inama na ba perezida ndetse n’abandi ku bijyanye n’ubuhinzi, cyane cyane ku bakene bo mu majyepfo. Yakomeje gukora kugeza apfuye afite imyaka 78 mu 1943. Ntiyigeze ashaka umugore.

Carver Washington yari umuntu utuje, yabayeho yitonze kandi yambaraga ku buryo budashamaje.Yakoraga cyane, yicishaga bugufi kandi akavuga yoroheje, kandi n’ubwo yabayeho mu gihe akarengane gashingiye ku moko kari gakataje, ntiyakunze kwerekana uburakari kuri byo. Nubwo yabaga mu kigo cya Tuskegee yari umuntu wigenga.

Ku bijyanye n’ubukristo, George Washington Carver yari afite kwizera guhambaye. Yavuze ko yakijijwe afite imyaka icumi, yateraniraga mu itorero Anglican (mu itorero ryo mu Bwongereza, England Church) ndetse yabatijwe akiri umwana ubuzima bwe bwose yabumaze yigisha Bibiliya. Yashimangiye imyitwarire ya gikristo mu myigishirize ye kandi ayishyira mu bikorwa mu buzima bwe; yakundaga gusenga Imana nk’umuremyi wa byose akenshi agasengera mu ishyamba. Mubyukuri kwizera kwa Carver kwarafatikaga cyane, kandi yakundaga kuvuga ko ubwenge cyangwa ubushishozi bwe bwaturutse ku Mana.

Urupfu rwa George Washington Carver

Umunsi umwe, Carver ubwo yarimo ataha murugo, yaguye kuri escaliers ku buryo bubi; bamusanze yataye ubwenge bamujyana mu bitaro. Carver yapfuye ku ya 5 Mutarama 1943, afite imyaka 78 azize ibibazo byo kubura amaraso (anemia) biturutse kuri uku kugwa.

Ku mva ye handitswe ngo: "Yashoboraga kongera amahirwe yo kuba icyamamare, ariko ntiyabyitayeho, yaboneye umunezero n’icyubahiro mu gufasha isi".
Ibintu 3 by’ingenzi mu buzima twakwigira ku ntwari yo kwizera George Carver Washington:

1. Ubwenge bwe n’ubushobozi: Carver yashoboraga guhunga abakene bo mu majyepfo. Hariho urugero rufatika, Thomas Edison yahaye Carver akazi kamuhemba menshi. Nyamara Carver yagumye aho yumva yahamagariwe kandi akorera ubwoko bwe. Ese twebwe twahamagariwe he?

Icya kabiri, ubuzima bwa Carver bwari bumwe mubitekerezo byoroheje. Yabaye intangarugero ku Birabura b’Abanyamerika, yateye inkunga igisekuru gikennye mu kwerekana icyo bashobora gukora. Binyuze mu nyigisho ze, yashishikarije ibisekuruza byabanyeshuri kuzamura imibereho y abahinzi bakennye. Carver yasize umurage ukomeye:Ese twe umurage wacu uzaba uwuhe?

Icya gatatu, ubuzima bwa Carver bwerekanye ubushishozi bwubaha Imana: Mu bwenge bwe no kumenyekana ntiyigeze abyiyitirira, ahubwo yahamyaga ko ari Imana yabimuhaye kugira ngo agirire abandi umumaro. Carver yamenyekanye nk’umugabo wavugiye imiryango ikennye y’abanyafurika n’abanyamerika yo mu majyepfo y’Amerika, Carver ubu afatwa nk’umuhanuzi w’ibidukikije ufitiye isi akamaro. Kuki twe tutashyira Imana ku mwanya wa mbere mu byo dukora?

Muri macye Geoege Washington Carver ni umuntu w’ingenzi dukwiye kwiga gutera ikirenge mu cye kuko ubwenge bwe yabwubashemo Imana kandi abasha gufasha isi muri rusange.

Source: www.mountvernon.org, www.canonjjohn.com, Wikipedia.org

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