Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Blaise(...)

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Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Blaise Pascal


Yanditswe na: Ubwanditsi     2020-11-05 07:44:33


Amateka yaranze intwari yo kwizera Blaise Pascal

Umufaransa Blaise Pascal wo mu kinyejana cya 17, mu myaka 39 yamaze ku isi yakemuye ibibazo bitandukanye mu mibare (mathematics) ndetse n’ubugenge (physics) yageze kuri byinshi harimo kuba yaravumbuye urushinge (syringe), yavumbuye imashini ikoreshwa mu mibare (calculating machine) ndetse n’isaha yambarwa ku maboko, yanditse inyandiko zitandukanye zamenyekanye mu Bufaransa n’ahandi hose ku isi. Mubyukuri Pascal ntiyari umunyabwenge gusa, ahubwo ibyo yakoraga byose byashingiraga ku myemerere ye ya gikristo.

Pascal yavukiye mu Bufaransa rwagati Kuwa 19 Kamena mu 1623. Afite imyaka itatu, Blaise yapfushije Mama we Antoinette Begon. Pascal Yasigaranye na bashiki be babiri: Gilberte na Jacqueline ndetse na se Etienne Pascal wakundaga ubumenyi n’imibare (science and mathemathics). Pascal yari ikirangirire ku buryo ku myaka icumi yakoraga ubushakashatsi mu mibare na siyansi.

Mu 1631 umuryango we wimukiye i Paris. Mu mibereho ye, Pascal ntabwo yigeze ashaka ariko yabayeho ashyigikiwe n’umuryango we kugeza igihe yapfiriye aguye i Paris Kuwa 19 Knama mu 1662.

Pascal yabayeho mubihe bigoye kandi agorwa n’ibibazo bikomeye by’amadini na filozofiya. Ikibazo kimwe cyavuye mu bitekerezo bya filozofiya bivuka bishingiye kuri siyanse. Mu binyejana byashize itorero rya gikristo ryanyuzemo, baravugaga ngo "Emera gusa" Mubyukuri byateraga ikibazo kivuga ngo "kubera iki? " Pascal yabaye umwe mu bantu ba mbere bagerageje guhamya Imana imbere y’abatayemera.

Kuwa 23 Ugushingo 1654 guhera hafi ya saa kumi n’ebyiri z’umugoroba kugeza saa kumi n’ebyiri n’igice, niho Pascal yamurikiwe cyane n’umucyo w’Imana. Mu buzima uwo munsi wamubereye uw’amateka kuko yabaonye umuriro wayo urushaho kumukundisha guhamya Imana. Blaise Pascal akiri muto arimo kwiga jewometiri (Geometry)

Pascal yahise yandika amagambo agira ati:"Imana y’aburahamu, Imana ya Isaka, Imana ya Yakobo ntabwo ari Imana y’abafilozofe cyangwa abahanga. Imana itanga amahoro n’ibyishimo, Imana yabo izaba Imana yanjye".

Muri iryo joro ry’umuriro bigaragara ko byari ibihe by’umwuka byuzuye aho kwizera gushingiye ku bitekerezo n’imihango byahuye n’ukuri kwImana. Kwizera Imana kwa Pascal kwakajije umurego mu 1654 kandi kuva icyo gihe ntiyakomeje kwitabira cyane siyanse n’imibare ahubwo yashishikazwaga cyane no kwizera ndetse na filozofiya.

Pascal yibanze ku gushyigikira ubukristo no gucukumbura isano bifitanye n’imitekerereze. Yatangiye kwandika igitabo cyari gutanga ibitekerezo bifatika ku kwizera kwa gikristo kandi yandika inyandiko nyinshi, ariko mbere y’uko abishyira kuri gahunda cyangwa abinoza yahise appfa. Izo nyandiko yasize atarangije zashyizwe ku mugaragaro kandi zishyirwa mu ri bimwe mu bitekeerezo bya gikristo.

Dore bimwe mu bitekerezo bya Blaise Pascal

"Kubera ko hariho urujijo ku bijyanye no kuba Imana ibaho cyangwa itabaho, nibyiza kuyizera, nidusanga iriho tuzunguka byose ariko nidusanga idahari nabwo ntacyo tuzahomba". Ibi yabivuze ubwo abantu bahakanaga Imana bashakaga kuzimya ubukristo.

"Ukuri ntigusobanutse muri ibi bihe, kandi ikinyoma cyahawe intebe, mugihe tudakunda ukuri ibi ntidushobora kubimenya".

"Impamvu yonyine itera umuntu kutishima ni uko atazi kuguma mu cyumba cye acecetse".

Urupfu rwa Blaise Pascal

Mu mwaka wa 1622. Blaise Pascal yafashwe n’indwara ariko yaravuze ati:"Kurwara ni ikintu gisanzwe ku bakristo" Byaje kugera aho arakomererwa biba ngombwa ko ajya ku Bitaro Dogiteri amubwira ko arwaye kanseri y’igifu n’igituntu, kandi ko idashobora gukira kuko yari imumereye nabi. Kuwa 19 Kanama 1622 nibwo yapfuye. Ijambo rya nyuma Blaise Pascal yavuze yaragize ati:"Mana ntundeke".

Ibintu by’ingenzi dukwiriye kwigira kuri Blaise Pascal

Pascal yabonye ko nta kuvuguruzanya kuri hagati yo kwemera Imana kwe na siyansi. Abantu benshi usanga bavuga ko ibi byombi bivuguruzanya, ariko se niba Pascal yarabashije kubibamo neza byombi kuki twebwe tutamwigiraho?

Pascal yarwaniraga ishyaka ubukristo akabuvugira ku kigero cyo hejuru kandi yarwanyaga abitwaza siyansi n’ubundi buhanga bwabo bigatuma bahakana Imana. Natwe mu gihe cya none dukwiye kurwana ishyaka ryo guhamya Imana.

N’ubwo Blaise Pascal yari umuhanga cyane, yemereye Umwuka Wera ayobora ubuzima bwe muri rya joro yahuraga n’imbaraga z’Imana zidasanzwe. Pascal yasobanukiwe neza ko Imana ituvugisha mu buryo butandukanye kandi burenze impaka zose.

Muri macye ibikorwa Pascal yakoze mu gihe gito yabayeho biratangaje cyane. Pascal yagaragaje ukuri ati:"Umubare w’imyaka umaze ntabwo ari wo ufite akamaro, igifite akamaro ni ubuzima ubayemo muri iyo myaka". Reka dukoreshe neza igihe twahawe kandi reka twese dusenge Imana iduhe Umwuka Wera kugira ngo atuyobore.

Source:www.canonjjohn.com

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Ibitekerezo (1)

NSABIYUMVA PASCAL

18-05-2021    19:38

IMANA IZAMURINDE
NDAMUKUNDA PE!

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