Menya uko Bibiliya Yera igera ku Banyarwanda n’amateka yayo

Incamake y’amateka ya Bibiliya

Bibiliya Yera ni igitabo gikoreshwa n’Abakristo benshi mu Rwanda. Nyamara si uko yatangiye yitwa, ndetse ntiyabonekaga mu rurimi rw’Ikinyarwanda kuko Bibiliya ya mbere yabanje kwandikwa mu rurimo rw’Uruheburayo. Yaje rero guhindurwa bwa mbere na St Jerome mu kinyejana cya 14, ayishyira mu rurimi rw’Ikilatini (Latin) rwakoreshwaga mu Butaliyani no mu bihugu bihakikije.

Bibiliya yaje kugenda ishyirwa mu zindi ndimi ztandukanye, ndetse iza no kugera mu Kinyarwanda. Nyuma y’ibinyejana 6 byose (imyaka 600) Bibiliya ya mbere yasohotse mu Kinyarwanda mu w’1914. Umuryango wa Bibiliya wo mu Bwongereza wacapiye Abanyarwanda ubutumwa bwa Yesu Kristo uko ari bune, ukurikizaho ingingo zimwe na zimwe zo muri Bibiliya ndetse ucapa n’Isezerano Rishya. Bibiliya Yera ya mbere yasohotse mu w’1957.

Bitewe n’imyandikire y’Ikinyarwanda, Bibiliya yabanje gusohoka mu Kinyarwanda cy’icyo gihe mu w’1957. Yaje kugenda ivugururwa hakurikijwe imyandikire y’Ikinyarwanda, nyuma hasohoka Bibiliya Yera yo mu w’1993 ari na yo dukoresha ubu.

Bibiliya igera mu Rwanda ite, ishyirwa mu Kinyarwanda na nde?

Umuryango wa Bibiliya mu Rwanda (BSR) ari na wo ugeza Bibiliya Yera mu Rwanda kugeza ubu ufite Bibiliya z’ubwoko bubiri (2), ni ukuvuga Bibiliya zahinduwe mu Kinyarwanda na Bibiliya zahinduwe ariko zifite umwihariko. Mu zahinduwe harimo Bibiliya Yera ikoreshwa cyane n’Abaporotesitanti (Protestant Churches); Bibiliya Ntagatifu ikoreshwa cyane n’Abagatolika na Bibiliya Ijambo ry’Imana ikoreshwa yahinduwe hakurikijwe imivugirwe y’Ikinyarwanda hatitawe ku idini iyo ari yo yose (Interdenominational Bible).

Tumaze kwibaza iki kibazo cy’amatsiko cy’uburyo Bibiliya ishyirwa mu Kinyarwanda n’uburyo igera ku Banyarwanda, twasuye Umuryango wa Bibiliya mu Rwanda tuganira n’ushinzwe Imenyekanisha n’Itumanaho Pastor Michael Gasare. Yadutangarije ko Bibiliya ishyirwa mu Kinyarwanda n’itsinda ribishinzwe rikorera ku cyicaro cy’Umuryango wa Bibiliya. Yakomeje adutangariza ko kugira ngo Bibiliya Yera ihindurwe kandi igere ku Banyarwanda, byatwaye imyaka 4 yose mu gihe kuyihindura gusa byatwaye akayabo ka $300,000.

Bibiliya Yera imaze guhindurwa mu Kinyarwanda, isohokera mu gihugu cya Korea y’Epfo cyangwa mu Bushinwa. Uretse guhindura Bibiliya mu Kinyarwanda, hari indi mirimo ihoraho ijyanye no gukosora cyane cyane imyandikire y’Ikinyarwanda.

Bibiliya ntikoresha Ikinyarwanda gisanzwe

Mu zindi ndimi Bibiliya yakomeje gutera imbere cyane, mu ndimi nk’Igifaransa n’Icyongereza hagenda haza Bibiliya zifite ubusobanuro ku buryo benshi bazikundaga ariko bakagira imbomaizi zo kuzikoresha kubera ururimi ruke n’ubushobozi bwo kuzitunga.

Bibiliya igaragaramo amagambo adasanzwe, nyamara afite ukundi yakwitwa mu Kinyarwanda. Urugero ni nka Egiputa, igihugu kimaze igihe kandi abantu bazi ko cyitwa Misiri. Andi magambo ni nk’Agahumbi (100,000), Inzovu (10,000). Hari kandi Shekeli ikoreshwa mu ngero z’uburemere, Mikono ikoreshwa mu ngero z’uburebure n’andi magambo. Bene aya magambo arakomera kuyasobanukirwa, ku buryo abigisha basabwa gusobanurira ababumva icyo Bibiliya ishatse kuvuga.

Kuki ururimi rwa Bibiliya rurimo guhindurwa?

Tuganira na Pastor Michael yadusobanuriye ko ari imwe mu mpamvu yatumye bahindura Bibiliya Ijambo ry’Imana kuko ngo Abanyarwanda b’igihe kizaza n’abana barimo kuvuka ubu bazaba bakoresha Ikinyarwanda gisanzwe, urugero, mu cyimbo cy’agahumbi bakavuga ibihumbi ijana (100,000); mu cyimbo cya Egiputa bakavuga Misiri kuko ari byo bikoreshwa mu Kinyarwanda.

Ikindi ni uko aya magambo nka Yesu, Egiputa, Shekeli, Yerusalemu… adakomoka ku rurimi rwacu rw’Ikinyarwanda. Ni cyo gituma kwandika Misiri, Yezu, Yeruzalemu… atari uguhindura Bibiliya nk’uko bamwe babitekereza ahubwo ni ugufasha Abanyarwanda kubona Bibiliya bumva neza mu rurimi rwabo. Aya magambo mashya rero ngo yose azagera igihe ahindurwe mu rurimi rwacu rw’Ikinyarwanda.

BSR yashyizeho andi moko ya Bibiliya

Akenshi iyo abantu babonye Bibiliya ntibamenya aho zituruka, ndetse bibaza ibibazo byinshi iyo babonye ubwoko bushya bwa Bibiliya. Uretse Bibiliya Year ifite igifuniko gitandukanye n’ingano umuntu yifuza, (aha twavuga nka Bibiliya y’abagore iteye nk’agakapu ko mu ntoki kandi ifite amabara atandukanye), hari andi moko ya Bibiliya twasanze mu bubiko bw’Umuryango wa Bibiliya mu Rwanda. Ayo ni nka:

(1) Bibiliya Yera ifite ubusobanuro: Iyi ni Bibiliya nini, ifite ubusobanuro. Iyi Bibiliya isubiza byinshi mu bibazo abasoma Bibiliya bibaza, byaba iby’ibihe—, ahantu, abantu n’gihe babereyeho… Iyi Bibiliya igenewe abavugabutumwa, abapasiteri, abanyatewolojiya n’abashakashatsi bashaka kumenya byinshi kuri Bibiliya. Kuyihindura mu Kinyarwanda byatwaye imyaka 2.5

(2) Bibiliya rukomatanya (irimo indimi zitandukanye): Iyi ni Bibiliya irimo indimi 2 zitandukanye. BSR ifite Bibiliya iri mu Cyongereza n’Ikinyarwanda, Igifaransa n’Ikinyarwanda…

(3) Bibiliya y’Urubyiruko (Youth Bible): Iyi Bibiliya irimo gutegurwa iri bugufi kujya ahagaragara izaba igenewe urubyiruko.

(4) Bibiliya y’Abana (Children’s Bibile): Iyi Bibiliya izwi ku izina ry’UTUBUTO TWA BIBILIYA yagenewe abana, yateguwe hakurikijwe imyigishirize y’abana n’imfashanyigisho zibafasha gusobanukirwa neza Bibiliya mu bwana bwabo.

(5) Braille Bible: Iyi ni Bibiliya yagenewe ababana n’ubumuga bwo kutabona.

(6) Bibiliya ivuga (Proclaimer—Audio Bible): Iyi ni Bibiliya yagenewe abatazi gusoma. Iyi iteye nka radiyo umuntu ashyira ku muriro agashyiramo aho ashaka kumva igaherako ikamusomera. Iyi twari tuyimenyereye mu zindi ndimi, ariko no mu Kinyarwanda yarabonetse.

Hatangiye kandi gutegurwa Bibiliya Ntagatifu nto umuntu ashobora kugendana mu ntoki, ubu hakaba harasohotse Isezerano Rishya gusa indi iracyategurwa.

Irindi terambere muri Bibiliya y’Ikinyarwanda

Nyuma yo gushyira ahagaragara Bibiliya mu moko atandukanye, Umuryango wa Bibiliya mu Rwanda wakomeje kwaguka kuko ubu wamaze gushyira ahagaragara Bibiliya ikoreshwa muri telefone ngendanwa yitwa Bibiliya yacu. Iyi Bibiliya irimo amoko atatu: (a) Bibiliya Yera, Bibiliya Ntagatifu na Bibiliya Ijambo ry’Imana. Iyi Bibiliya umuntu wese ashobora kuyikoresha nta internet, ikaba izatangira kuboneka kuri amazon.com mu gihe gito.

Ku bifuza kumenya byinshi kuri Bibiliya, imiryango irakinguye mu Muryango wa Bibiliya mu Rwanda (BSR) uherereye Kacyiru mu mujyi wa Kigali.