Amateka ya Yerusalem n’uko yabaye umurwa mukuru wa Isiraheli (Igice cya 2)

Nyuma y’igice cya 1 twabagejejeho ubushize, uyu munsi turakomerezaho, turebere hamwe uko Yerusalemu ndetse na Israer byaje gusibangana ku ikarita y’Isi hakavuka Palestine.

Yerusalemu yakomeje kuba igicumbi n’umurwa mukuru w’igihugu cy’Abayuda ndetse n’imyizerere yabo, kuva ku gihe cy’Umwami Dawidi mu gihe kingana n’imyaka 400, kugeza ubwo Ubwami bwa Israel bwatsindwaga n’ubwami bw’i Babuloni, bumwe mu bwami bwakomeye mu kibaya cya Mesopotamiya, Ubu ni muri Iraq.

Aba israel bavuye mu buhungiro i Babuloni, mu mwaka wa 538 mbere y’ivuka rya Yesu, Yerusalemu yakomeje kuba Umurwa mukuru w’Igihugu cy’Abayuda.
Isenywa rya Yerusalemu no gusibangana kw’igihugu cya Israel ku ikarita y’Isi hakavuka Palestine.

Umwaka wa 70 nyuma y’ivuka cya Kristo, Ufatwa nk’iherezo rya Israel ya mbere. Ariko dusubiye inyuma, haje kubaho gutandukana kw’imiryango ikomoka kuri bene Yakobo, imiryango 9 ijya mu majaruguru ndetse igumana izina rya Israel, hanyuma iyo mu majyepfo 3 igumana izina ry’Ubwami bw’Abayuda.

Impande zombi zaje gutsindwa intambara bituma mu mwaka 587 mbere ya Kristu nta gihugu kigenga cyongeye kubaho, ibice bimwe byari biyobowe n’Ubugereki bwa kera, Babuloni, n’ubwami bw’Abaperesi, kugeza mu mwana wa 140 mbere ya Yesu, nibwo Israel yongeye kugira igihugu cyigenga nyuma yo kwiganzura Abagereki, kugeza mu mwaka wa 4 mbere y’ivuka rya Kristo ubwo na none Israel yongeye gutegekwa n’abakoloni b’Abaroma bari bayoboye byinshi mu bihugu byo mu burasirazuba bwo hagati.

Kugeza no mu ivuka rya Yesu Kristo, Israel yari munsi y’ubutware bw’ingoma y’Abaroma iyobowe na Kayisariya wari ufite icyizaro cye mu Butariyani bw’ubu.

Abayuda bajyanye i Yerusalemu kumwereka Urusengero rwa akataraboneka, nk’uko Bibiliya ibigaragaza; Matayo 24: 1-2 Yesu asohoka mu rusengero. Akigenda, abigishwa be baramusanga bashaka kumwereka imyubakire y’urusengero
Arababwira ati “Ntimureba ibi byose? Ndababwira ukuri yuko aha hatazasigara ibuye rigeretse ku rindi ritajugunywe hasi.”

Muri icyo kinyejana cya mbere nyuma y’ivuka rya Yesu Kristu nibwo ubwami bw’Abaroma bwashenye bidasubirwaho Ubwami bw’Abayuda, ndetse na rwa rusengero rurasenywa nk’uko Yesu yasize abibabwiye.
Kugeza icyo gihe, nta gihugu cyitwaga Palestina cyangwa abantu bitwaga Abanyepalestine bari barigeze kubaho.

Ni muri icyo kinyejana, ubwo Umwami w’Abaroma witwaga Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus yategetse ko zina Israel-Abayahudi rivaho burundu hanyuma rigasimbuzwa Palestina, ndetse anategeka ko Yerusalemu ihundurirwa izina ikitwa Aelia Capitolina.
Ibyo byakurikiwe n’iyicwa ry’Abayahudi batagira uko bangana, abandi benshi cyane baragurishwa mu bunyage nk’abacyakara abandi batatanira mu bihugu bitandukanye ku Isi.

Palestina icyo gihe yahise iturwa n’Abarabu bakomokaga mu bihugu bya Jordan, Syria, Lebanon na Iraq.
Nguko uko amateka agaragaza uko Israel ya mbere yarangiye hakavuka Palestina.

Mu gice gikurikira tuzarebera hamwe uko Israel yongeye kubaho ndetse n’uko Yerusalemu yabaye umurwa muku wayo. Tuzareba kandi icyo Bibiliya ivuga kuri Israel ya none ndetse na Yerusalemu.

Amahoro y’Imana akomeze kubana namwe.

BIZIMA [email protected]